Vishwanath Temple is located amidst the crowded lanes in the holy city of Varanasi also known as Kashi and Benares. The Vishwanath Temple enshrines one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Lord Shiva and is one of the most revered pilgrimage sites for Hindus. It is believed that Varanasi is the point at which the first Jyotirlinga the fiery pillar of light by which Shiva manifested his supremacy over other gods broke through the earth’s crust and flared towards the heavens. More than the Ghats and even the Ganga the Shivalinga installed in the temple remain the devotional focus of Varanasi. Millions of pilgrims converge here to perform an abhishekam to the sacred Jyotirlingam with sacred water of river Ganga.Kashi Vishwanath Temple has most religious importance for the worship
in the Hindu religion. Many great Hindu saints (like Adi Sankaracharya
Goswami Tulsidas Ramakrishna Paramhansa Swami Dayananda Saraswati
Swami Vivekananda Gurunanak etc) had came to the Varanasi to take bath
in the holy water of the Gange and for the Darshan of the Jyotirlinga.
It is believed that the one who will take bath (at least once in the
lifetime) in the Gange in the holy city Varanasi will get Moksha. True
devotees of the Lord Shiva get freedom from the cycle of the death and
birth. After death they directly intermingled into the Mahadev. People
beliefs that the one who decided to end their life at the temple Lord
Shiva himself drive a mantra of freedom in his ear.
Details about the Shiva temple is described in the Kashi Khanda of
Skanda Purana. Kashi Vishwanath temple was constructed by the Hari
Chandra in the 11th century. The temple was destroyed and
reconstructed many times. The current construction is done by the Hindu
Maratha queen of Malwa kingdom Ahilya Bai Holkar.
Kashi Vishwanath temple is located at western bank of River Ganges in the holy city Varanasi. Jyotirlinga in the Kashi Vishwanath temple has an extraordinary and exclusive importance in the religious history of India. It attracts devotees from all across the world. The management of the temple was taken under UP Government on 28th January 1983. The current temple is constructed by Late Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore in 1780. A Naubatkhana (in front of the temple) is constructed by the Collector Mohd. Ibrahim Khan in 1785. The two domes of the temple were covered by the gold (offered by the Punjab Kesari Maharaja Ranjeet Singh) in 1839. And the third dome was gold plated by the Ministry of cultures and Religious affairs of Uttar Pradesh Government.
The frame of the cosmic reality according to ancient Hindu thought consists of the three fundamental states called evolution (Shrishthi) existence (sthiti) and involution (samhara) that acts in a cyclic process of infinity. Each one of the forms is controlled by a God named Brahma (the creator) Vishnu (the preserver) and Siva/Shiva (the destroyer); these three Gods are called the Trinity. Shiva being the last to complete the cycle from where the new cycle starts is known as Mahadeo the Supreme Divinity. The iconographic form of the Shiva the Linga represents the unity of the three states of cosmos (shown in above figure).The Linga consists of the three parts. The first is a square base of three-layers at the bottom showing the three mythical realms (lokas) symbolizing evolution the place of Brahma. The second is an octagonal round form in the middle showing the eight directions symbolizing existence or perseverance the place of Vishnu; and third is a cylinder at the top with a spherical end symbolizing involution or completion of the cosmic cycle the place of Shiva. This icon shows the supreme state of integrity the ultimate form of Shiva linga itself is a symbol of cosmic mandala. As Sadasiva (eternal reality) Shiva is represented as linga standing also for ‘total knowledge’. As Rudra the destroyer his consort is Kali. As Bhairava the terrible destroyer his consort is Durga. As a jovial god living in the Himalaya his wife is Parvati. As possessor of all forms of divine power Shiva rooms at the bottom of everything that is moving that is how he is called Ishvara derived from I-cara i.e. I the centre and cara the rhythm of movement. Shiva is also depicted as cosmic dancer Tandava Nartakari the one who keeps up the rhythm of the world in cosmos.
how to reach
Local TransportTaxis: Private taxis are available from travel agencies hotels etc. auto rickshaws cycle rickshaws and Tempos are also readily available.Left Luggage Facility: Left luggage facility is available at both the Varanasi and Mughalsarai railway stations(24 Hours).By AirIndian Airlines flies to Babatpur airport which is 22 km. from Varanasi and 30 km. from Sarnath There is a. direct daily flight connection between Varanasi and New Delhi. It also connects Varanasi to Delhi Agra . Khajuraho Calcutta Mumbai Lucknow and Bhuvaneshwar. For travel reservations contact Indian Airlines.By TrainVaranasi is an important and major rail junction. The city is served by trains from all metros and major cities across the country. New Delhi mumbai Calcutta Chennai Gwalior Meerut indore Guwahati Allahbad Lucknow Dehradun… the city has direct rail connections.For more details about train please visit the following website.